Carbon 14 dating system definition
This technique is widely used on recent artifacts, but educators and students alike should note that this technique will not work on older fossils (like those of the dinosaurs alleged to be millions of years old).
The C-14 atoms present in the benzene decay at a certain rate.
The moa bone analysis gave a radiocarbon date of 580 plus or minus 40 years.
Using the terrestrial calibration curve, a calendar age of AD 1390–1435 was established for the moa bone sample.
The ground-up bone is treated with hydrochloric acid, which dissolves out the hard part of the bone.
The remaining material goes through a gelatinisation process to free up the bone protein.